Posts tagged ‘care’
Woodland Stewardship: A Practical Guide for Midwestern Landowners, 2nd Edition was published by the University of Minnesota Extension for use by private woodland owners in the Upper Midwest.
This revised 2nd edition builds on the highly successful first edition in 1993, which was distributed to tens of thousands of landowners throughout the Midwest. This new book is designed to help family forest landowners identify goals for their woodlands and work with professional foresters to choose management practices that will help meet those goals. The new book provides an overview of the field of forestry and includes new or expanded chapters on:
- Managing important forest types.
- Developing nontimber forest products.
- Managing forests to benefit wildlife.
- Designing and building recreational trails.
- Handling the financial considerations of forest ownership.
Decisions by family forest landowners have the potential to affect a woodland for a century or more. Reading Woodland Stewardship: A Practical Guide for Midwestern Landowners, 2nd Edition can help ensure their decisions are the right ones for the family and the woodland.
You can order the book here. Volume discounts apply: 1 – 24 copies cost $16 + shipping. 25 – 999 copies: $10 + shipping, and 1,000 or more are only $7 each. Prices exclude shipping.
The University of Minnesota also was recently approved to receive a grant from the U.S. Forest Service, through the Minnesota DNR, to place this book on the Web, create a Web-based shortcourse around its content, and to evaluate the book and shortcourse. Providing the book in alternative formats will help ensure that its content is available to landowners in a variety of formats that meet their different learning styles. These other formats will be available in a year, but a printed book will meet the needs of most landowners.
Keep a watchful eye for problems that may be developing on the plants in your landscape. Timely prevention is always more effective and economical than reacting to problems once they have developed. Certain samples can be sent to your local Plant Disease Clinic (.pdf) for diagnosis.
The stems of landscape trees and shrubs may need protection from animals or mechanical equipment, especially during the winter months. Animal damage (feeding or rubbing) can be avoided by placing wire mesh or hardware cloth at least 3” from the stem. Mechanical damage (e.g. lawn mower or weed whip abrasion) can be avoided when a mulch ring (see mulch) or a plastic guard is in place. The plastic guard should only encase the portion of the lower stem that is most likely to be damaged by lawn equipment. As the tree grows the plastic guard will need to be removed and replaced in order to prevent girdling or stem constriction.
The recommendations in this chart refer only to nitrogen applications. Before fertilizing your landscape with a complete fertilizer (nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium), contact a soil testing laboratory for a basic soil test [For MN only: U of MN Soil Testing Labratory]. A basic soil test will provide you with readings on organic matter, pH, cation exchange capacity, macronutrients and micronutrients (Smiley, 2003). Soil testing laboratories may offer timing and quantity recommendations for complete fertilizers (N-P-K).
How to prune trees is an excellent publication designed to illustrate the types of pruning that can be done, how pruning cuts are made, when to prune different plants, and more.
Waiting until the plant is dormant is the safest time to do any live-branch pruning. However, unless the tree or shrub is susceptible to infectious disease (e.g., oak wilt, fire blight), removal of weak, diseased, crossing, rubbing, or dead limbs can be done throughout the year if needed.
Evergreen shrub shearing is a practice that can be used to maintain a geometric and formal shape of the plant. It is important to note, however, that once a shape has been formed yearly maintenance is required to preserve the design.