By Gary Michael, MN DNR – Division of Forestry
The Department of Natural Resource Division of Forestry’s Forest Stewardship Program (FSP) is undertaking a major shift in how it operates. For decades the FSP has been delivering free forest management plans to non-industrial private forest landowners. A recent change in funding will require the FSP to be a more self sufficient program. To achieve greater self sufficiency, the FSP is moving to a fee for service based program.
Stewardship eligible lands are any forestland with existing tree cover and other woody vegetation or lands suitable, and likely, for growing trees and other woody vegetation or land which has significant effect (e.g., streams within a wooded type, wetlands, fields to be planted for wildlife or timber, etc.) on the forested acres.
The minimum acreage necessary to receive a stewardship plan is twenty acres of tree or other woody vegetation after the plan has been implemented. Exemptions may be applied for on either a county or individual basis.
A couple of examples to help clarify the twenty-acre minimum are as follows:
- If a landowner owns 40 total acres with only 11 acres of woodland, and he or she is interested in planting 9 more acres of trees, they would be eligible to receive a Stewardship Plan and would be eligible for cost share assistance.
- If a landowner owns 18 acres total, and all the acres are wooded, he or she would need an exemption to receive a Stewardship Plan, as they could not meet the minimum 20 wooded acre criteria.
- If a landowner has 30 total acres with only 11 acres of woodland and the landowner does not have any interest in establishing additional acres of trees or other woody vegetation, he or she would not be eligible to receive a plan unless an exemption has been granted
The fee will be a minimum of $230 for a 20 acre plan and a maximum of $1,000 for all plans over 260 acres (up to 1,000 acres). The plan writing fee will be rounded to the nearest whole dollar. All stewardship plan requests over 1,000 acres should be turned over to a FSP partner (consultant forester) so that they can negotiate with the landowner a fee for service (cash plan).
Formula to calculate Stewardship Plan fees:
Formula to calculate the fee for a new or revising an outdated stewardship plan [(stewardship acres – 20 acres)*$3.21)+$230 = plan writing fee
A few examples:
43 acre stewardship plan: [(43 acres – 20 acres)*$3.21] + $230 = $304
178 acre stewardship plan: [(178 acres – 20 acres)*$3.21] + $230 = $737
271 acre stewardship plan: This request is over 260 acres, so the cost is $1,000
Many times only a portion of the land is eligible for a stewardship plan. The fee only reflects the acres included in the plan. The forester will determine the plan acres. All plans will need to be registered with the DNR Division of Forestry.
This month’s update from MyMinnesotaWoods.org is now available.
This month’s features:
- Response: Dauerwald, ecological forestry, and late-successional structure
- North Central Forest Management Guides: Bottomland hardwoods
- John Latimer’s Northern Minnesota phenology report
- Meet a Minnesota Logger: Tom Kruschek
- Protecting tree seedlings from deer
- Featured link: Tree ID resources from MNTCA.org
- And, as always, discussion board, upcoming events, news, poem of the month, and a quiz.
By John Latimer, KAXE Radio, Grand Rapids
The last of the meadowhawk dragonflies will put in an appearance in early November. These small, bright red, insects are among the last to fly about in the fall. A warm day or two in the early part of the month will send them out in a last and probably fruitless search for other flying insects.
Flickr photo “Ruby Meadowhawk” by Jim Frazier. Original.
If you have been observing them throughout the fall you may have noticed them flying in tandem with the female periodically touching her abdomen to the grass. She is depositing eggs. Her strategy is to place her eggs on stalks of grass that will be inundated in the spring. Once awash the eggs will begin to develop and the larval stages will terrorize the shallow ponds and lake edges until late summer when they will emerge and terrorize the flying insects.
Those eggs mistakenly laid in the grass that may be your lawn will likely never develop. No one is perfect and least of all the meadowhawk dragonflies, but what they lack in foresight about those areas likely to flood they make up for in sheer numbers of eggs laid. Some of them will end up underwater and the species will survive.
Flickr photo “Dragonfly” by Chris Coomber. Original.
In the case of the meadowhawk dragonflies they survive the winter as eggs or larvae, but what about the Compton’s tortoiseshell or Mourning cloak butterflies? How do they survive the cold? They over-winter as adults and without an approach to overcome the cold they would freeze and die. For many insects the strategy is freeze avoidance.
There are three elements to freeze avoidance. First, the insect produces an anti-freeze which circulates in the blood. These special proteins bind with any ice crystals that may form keeping them small and preventing them from doing damage.
Second, they produce sugars and sugar based alcohols which act to lower the freezing point of any water in the body. These typically take the form of glycerols that by mid-winter may constitute 20 to 25% of the insect’s total body weight.
Flickr photo “Chionea species” by C Wood. Original.
The final part of a freeze avoidance strategy involves finding a dry location. Staying away from water and the resulting ice is imperative. Ice can act as a nucleator for the development of further ice crystals. The butterflies must find secure dry locations, other insects might construct waterproof cocoons or some other personal protection, but the butterflies lack this ability. This perhaps explains why I find so many of them in my garage.
John Latimer is well known throughout northern Minnesota for his phenology work. He appears weekly on KAXE radio in Grand Rapids, and audio and twitter archives are available here. His work is a frequent feature on MyMinnesotaWoods. This article also appeared in the Duluth Senior Reporter. It is printed with the author’s permission.
The October 2009 update from MyMinnesotaWoods.org is now available at
This month’s features include the following:
Video: EAB and your Woodland
John Latimer’s Northern Minnesota phenology report
Meet a Minnesota Logger AND an MFA member
North Central Forest Management Guides: Aspen
Minnesota moose population status: How you can help
Poem of the month
Quiz of the month
To see this month’s update, visit
Update October 19: This event has been rescheduled from October 21 to October 28, 2009. The text below reflects the change.
The University of Minnesota Southern Research and Outreach Center (SROC) will be hosting a New Holland FR9000 Forage Harvester with an 130FB Short Rotation Coppice (SRC) Woody Crop Header on Wednesday, October 28, 2009, from 12:00pm to 3:00pm. When utilizing the 130FB SRC Woody Crop Header, the New Holland FR9000 is capable of cutting and chipping woody biomass as if it was corn silage.
Questions and conversation regarding woody biomass for renewable energy and the New Holland FR9000 / 130FB Header will be conducted at 12:00pm and 2:00pm. The Woody Biomass Forage Harvester Demonstration Field Day will be held in the willow trials at SROC’s Argicultural Ecology Research Farm.
Woody biomass is being proposed as a feedstock for a number of bio-industrial and renewable energy applications. The State University of New York’s College of Environmental Science and Forestry has been working with Cornell University and Case New Holland to develop a harvest system for short rotation coppice woody biomass crops.
The New Holland FR9000 with a 130FB Header attachment is a harvest system using a conventional forage harvester equipped with a specialty cutting attachment for woody crop harvest. This self-propelled harvester can cut and chip standing short rotation woody biomass in the field in a single pass operation while providing wood chips of a uniform length and size.
Partners for this event include:
Case New Holland; University of Minnesota Southern Research and Outreach Center; Rural Advantage; University of Minnesota Extension; Center for Integrated Natural Resources and Agricultural Management; University of Minnesota College of Food, Agriculture, and Natural Resource Sciences; and University of Minnesota Department of Forest Resources.
Directions to SROC’s Agricultural Ecology Research Farm:
From State Hwy 14, follow signage for State Hwy 14 West. Immediately look for Co. Rd. 27. It will take you past the Waseca Airport. Follow to Co. Rd. 57 and the road construction. Travel east about 1.0 mile to Agricultural Ecology Research Farm.
I wish to grow dumber,
to slip deep into woods that grow blinder
with each step I take,
until the fingers let go of their numbers
and the hands are finally ignorant as paws.
Unable to count the petals,
I will not know who loves me,
who loves me not.
Nothing to remember,
nothing to forgive,
I will stumble into the juice of the berry, the shag of bark,
I will be dense and happy as fur.
— Noelle Oxenhandler
A few months ago, we heard from a frustrated reader. Noting the abundant info about emerald ash borer (EAB) in urban environments, he could find almost nothing on managing ash in woodland stands. Philip Potyondy created this video to begin to answer that question.
The video has four sections:
- First Extension’s Jeff Hahn reviews basic EAB biology, dispersal, and impacts on host trees.
- Second, Keith Jacobson of the MN DNR’s Utilization & Marketing unit briefly reviews markets for ash wood in Minnesota.
- Third, we head to the woods for brief comments from Paul Dickson, president of the Minnesota Association of Consulting Foresters.
- We close with a summary of research and management recommendations for woodland ash stands from Extension’s Angela Gupta.
Special thanks to Jeff Hahn, Keith Jacobson, Paul Dickson, and Angela Gupta for their contributions to this video. You can learn much more about EAB in Minnesota at the UMN Extension EAB page.
What are you doing to prepare your woods for EAB? Leave a comment to let us know.